Oxidants in Daily Life and Common Health Conditions

Since oxidants are generated as a byproduct of body’s metabolism, their formation increases as the body’s metabolism increases. In actively respiring mitochondria, up to 4 % of the oxygen consumed by the mitochondria is turned into superoxide radicals, more than enough to kill a cell unless the free radicals are quickly disposed of. Although our body is equipped with an elaborate antioxidant defense system, a long physical exertion can tip the oxidant-antioxidant balance toward oxidative stress. Regular exercises, however, increase the concentration of superoxide dismutase, an antioxidant enzyme, within muscle cells, enhancing body’s sport endurance.

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